Health and Wellness

Health and Wellness

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Environmental Lead Hazard Control Program

Lead Fact Sheet

Did You Know …

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The decline of the Roman Empire was due to lead poisoning.

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Lead can cause developmental toxicity in an unborn child.

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Lead can cause cancer.


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Missouri has traditionally been the world's largest producer of lead ore.

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The St. Louis metropolitan area has a history of childhood lead poisoning.

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Children near smelting and mining communities have elevated blood lead levels.

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EPA estimates that 20% or more of a person's total exposure to lead could come from drinking water.


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Improper disposal of a lead acid battery is a Class C misdemeanor in Missouri.

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Lead poisoning is a Class II and Class IV reportable disease in Missouri.

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Managed Care Providers are revising traditional care procedures for lead poisoning case management.


Consumer beware - of products

advertised to remove lead from the body for $19.95.


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HUD now requires Disclosure of known lead-based paint and/or hazards in housing: this affects every federally funded real estate transaction in the country.

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Even new homes (as well as older ones built before 1978) can contain lead, in products such as miniblinds.

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Old playground equipment covered with lead based paint is a source of contamination in playgrounds.


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Lead screening needs improvement:

  • In 1970, less than 1% of Missouri's eligible child population (age 7 and below) was screened for

    lead poisoning.

  • In 1994, approximately 10% of eligible children were screened.


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    Local and State health departments have lead poisoning prevention programs.

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    Lead in ambient (outdoor) air is monitored under the Federal Clean Air Act.

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    EPA has developed requirements for workers in the testing and abatement industry for licensing and certification.


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    Educational programs (puppet shows) have been developed locally to teach pre-schoolers and toddlers how to identify and avoid lead sources in their environment.



    Despite our best efforts,

    children continue to be poisoned unnecessarily.


    Our most effective weapon against lead poisoning is our knowledge.

    Let's work together to get the lead out!