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Flu Virus 1918 The Common Cold

Information about the Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and Prevention of the Common Cold

The Signs and Symptoms of the Common Cold

Typical symptoms of the common cold include coughing and a runny nose, but there are other common symptoms as well:


  • Coughing
  • Stuffy or Runny Nose
  • Mild Body Aches
  • Sore Throat
  • Mild Headache
  • Watery Eyes
  • Sneezing

  • If you or your child experiences symptoms that are not relieved by over-the-counter medication, last for more than ten (10) days, or if you or your child has a temperature higher than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, it is recommended that you contact or visit a healthcare provider. If your child is younger than three months of age and has a fever, it is important to contact or visit a healthcare provider immediately.



    The Causes of the Common Cold

    Colds can be caused by over 200 different viruses – the most common being the rhinovirus. Because colds are caused by viruses, antibiotics will not help you get better. Most cold symptoms will improve on their own without any medication. Taking antibiotics when they are not necessary can be harmful because the bacteria that normally live in and on your body can become resistant to antibiotics.



    Treating the Common Cold

    Because antibiotics are not effective against the common cold, we have to treat the symptoms ourselves. It is recommended that you or your child get plenty of rest and drink plenty of fluids. To relieve the more irritating symptoms of the common cold, there are many over-the-counter medications that can help. Remember to always use over-the-counter medications as directed. Many over-the-counter products are not recommended for certain children younger than certain ages. Be sure to read all labels carefully, and when in doubt, contact your healthcare provider.


    If you or your child experiences symptoms that are not relieved by over-the-counter medication, last for more than ten (10) days, or if you or your child has a temperature higher than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit, it is recommended that you contact or visit a healthcare provider. If your child is younger than three months of age and has a fever, it is important to contact or visit a healthcare provider immediately.



    Preventing Colds

    The same precautions that can prevent the spread of flu will also prevent the spread of the common cold:


  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after you cough, sneeze, or blow your nose.

  • Whenever you cough or sneeze, cover your nose and mouth. If possible, use a tissue; throw the tissue in the trash after you use it. If a tissue is not available, cough into your sleeve rather than your hand.

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth as much as possible.

  • Maintain a distance of three (3) feet between you and other people.

  • Avoid people who have a cold, and, if you catch a cold, avoid contact with other people.

  • If possible, talk to healthcare providers by phone to avoid an in-person office visit.



  • Links for Additional Information

    For more information about the common cold, please visit the following link to the CDC website:


     
  • The Common Cold