The lead laws in the Saint Louis area
- The City, the County and the State have ordinances (laws) to protect children from being poisoned by lead. Homeowners and landlords are required by these ordinances to remove the lead or make the home lead-safe.
- If you or your child have high blood lead levels, the public health department may send a lead inspector to your home to help you find the lead. When necessary, the public health department will also test outside surfaces, soil, water and any other possible place where lead may be.
- Even if you have not had a blood lead test, you can call your public health department and they may be able to send an inspector to a home where children under 7 years of age live or stay during the day.
- Licensed day care centers in Saint Louis County and City must be lead-safe. The kind of inspection required will depend on local laws and codes. If you want to make sure your child's day care center is lead-safe, ask the center if it has been inspected for lead.
- Real estate transactions in Saint Louis County require that a buyer be told about the possibility of lead paint in any home built before 1978.
- If you prefer, a private environmental/lead inspector can be hired by you to test for lead in your home. For a current list of State-certified inspectors, check the Lead Poisoning Help-List.
The lead laws in the Saint Louis area are meant to protect children from becoming lead poisoned.
If you are planning to buy or rent a home built before 1978
Many houses and apartments built before 1978 have paint that contains lead (called lead-based paint). Lead from paint, chips, and dust can pose serious health hazards if not taken care of properly.
Federal law requires that individuals receive certain information before renting or buying a pre-1978 housing.
Residential Lead-Based Paint Disclosure Program:
- LANDLORDS have to disclose known information on lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards before leases take effect. Leases must include a disclosure form about lead-based paint.
- SELLERS have to disclose known information on lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards before selling a house. Sales contracts must include a disclosure form about lead-based paint. Buyers have up to ten days to check for lead hazards.
- More information on the disclosure program.
Renovating, repairing or painting a home, child care facility or school containing lead-based paint
Beginning in April 2010, federal law will require that contractors performing renovation, repair and painting projects that disturb lead-based paint in homes, child care facilities, and schools built before 1978 must be certified and follow specific work practices to prevent lead contamination.
Read about EPA's requirements for renovation, repair and painting.
Until that time, EPA recommends that anyone performing renovation, repair, and painting projects that disturb lead-based paint in pre-1978 homes, child care facilities and schools follow lead-safe work practices. The contractor should follow these three simple procedures:
- Contain the work area
- Minimize dust
- Clean up thoroughly
You will need Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more.
To learn more about renovation: